Discover more from Folklore, Food and Fairytales
From Classic Crime to The Poet's Recipe for Salad
via Historic Ritual, Three Clever Kings, Herbal Infusions & A Drink for the Evil
Dearest Gentle Reader,
Thank you for you patience, I’m so sorry that this letter is much later than normal but I have unfortunately been too unwell to write to you. It was thankfully a very short term illness, if rather virulent, and I am now on the mend.
I was even too unwell to read for the first couple of days which is very rare for me and instead I listened to audiobooks to keep me company. I have several (far too many) new books lined to up to listen to but instead I went back to crime classic authors that I already know: Conan Doyle, Sayers and Christie. I found comfort in the foggy streets of Victorian London with Sherlock, in the smart 1920s world of Lord Peter Wimsey and the drawing rooms of the county set with Miss Marple and Mr Satterthwaite. I skipped the novels and listened to the short stories that I know well enough not to worry if I missed a bit as I snoozed intermittently.
Now that my brain is mostly functioning again, it made me wonder why I am drawn to these stories when I’m ill. I have always enjoyed an Agatha Christie when I’m under the weather. Obviously,partly it is because it is much easier to reread a familiar book when your head is a little under par but why that subject matter rather than something gentle when you are feeling delicate?
I suppose it could be because there is a puzzle to distract you from your symptoms or just feeling sorry for yourself. They are an instant escape and provide you with that most satisfying combination of conclusive answers and a happy ending or at least one where the right side prevails. What do you read when you are ill?
I did watch the coronation of King Charles III just because I love ritual and history and there are parts of this ritual that have been happening for over a 1000 years in the same place. How could I resist that? I have very complex feelings about the role of the Royal Family in modern Britain and I am concerned that, despite my socialist ideals, I may be one of the people who Terry Pratchett describes in this brilliant quote:
“Royalty was like dandelions. No matter how many heads you chopped off, the roots were still there, underground, waiting to spring up again. It seemed to be a chronic disease. It was as if even the most intelligent person had this little blank spot in their heads where someone had written: "Kings. What a good idea."
I think a bit of that blank space may be because I spend a lot of time around folk tales and storytelling where in the oldest of tales the king is tied to the land. The health and fertility of the land are reflected in the king and a bad king will mean poor harvests and unseasonal weather resulting in higher taxes and harsher treatment of peasants and the poor, spiralling into famine and starvation.
A good king will treat the land with respect resulting in good harvests, good weather, peasants revelling in the bounty of the land. What is often forgotten is that the land would also affect the king in an unenviable feedback loop. Which leads to the obvious question: what came first poor king or unhealthy land?
This seems like the best time to bring out this story about the perils of kingship by Mary de Morgan from the collection:The Necklace of Princess Fiorimonde from 1886. The tale is called The Three Clever Kings and the moral is self evident:
King Roland lay upon his death-bed, and as he had no son to reign after him he sent for his three nephews, Aldovrand, Aldebert, and Alderete, and addressed them as follows:—
"My dear nephews, I feel that my days are now drawing to an end, and one of you will have to be King when I am dead. But there is no pleasure in being King. My people have been difficult to govern and never content with what I did for them, so that my life has been a hard one, and though I have watched you all closely, still I know not, which is most fit to wear the crown; so my wish is that you should each try it in turn. You, Aldovrand, as you are the oldest, shall be King first, and if you reign happily, all well and good; but if you fail, let Aldebert take your place; and if he fail, let him give it up to Alderete, and then you will know which is the best fitted to govern."
On this the three young men all thanked their uncle, and each one declared that he would do his best, and soon after old King Roland died and was buried with great state and ceremony. So now Aldovrand was to be King, and he was crowned, and there were great rejoicings everywhere.
"'Tis a fine thing to be King," cried he in much glee; "Now I can amuse myself and do just as I please, and there will be no one to stop me, and I will lie in bed as late as I like in the morning, for who dares blame one, if one is King?"
Next morning the Prime Minister and the Chancellor came to the palace to see the new King and settle affairs of state, but they were told that his majesty was in bed and had given orders that no one should disturb him.
"This is a bad beginning," sighed the Prime Minister.
"Very bad," echoed the Chancellor.
When they came back to the palace later in the day the King was playing at battledore and shuttlecock with some of his gentlemen, and was very angry at being interrupted in his game.
"A pretty thing," he cried, "That I the King am to be sent for hither and thither as if I were a lacquey. They must go away and come another time;" and on hearing this the Prime Minister and Chancellor looked graver still. But next morning there came the Commander-in-Chief and the Lord High Admiral, as well as the Prime Minister and the Chancellor, all wanting to have an audience with the King, and as he was not out of bed and they could not wait any longer, they all stood outside his bedroom door, and knocked to gain admittance, and at last he came out in a towering rage, and throwing them his crown, cried,
"Here, let one of my cousins be King, for I will not bear this longer. It is much more trouble than it is worth, so Aldebert or Alderete may try it and see how they like it, but as for me, I have had enough of it," and he ran downstairs and out of the palace door, leaving the Prime Minister and the Chancellor and the General and Admiral staring at each other in dismay.
Aldovrand walked out of the town unnoticed, and turned towards the country, whistling cheerily to himself. When he had gone some way in the fields, he came to a farmhouse, and in a meadow near, the farmer stood talking to his men. Aldovrand went straight up to him, and, touching his hat, asked if he could give him any work.
"Work?" cried the farmer, little thinking he was talking to his late king. "Why, what sort of work can you do?"
"Well," said Aldovrand, "I am not very fond of running about, but if you want any one to mind your sheep, or keep the birds from your corn, I could do that nicely."
"I tell you what you can do if you like," said the farmer. "I am wanting a goose-boy to take care of my geese. See, there they are on the common. All you will have to do is to see that they don't stray away, and to drive them in at night."
"That will suit me exactly," cried Aldovrand. "I will begin at once;" and he went straight on to the common, and when he had collected the geese together lay down to watch them in high good humour.
"This is capital," he cried, "and much better than being King at the palace. Here there is no Prime Minister or Chancellor to come worrying;" and he lay watching the geese all day very contentedly.
When the Prime Minister and the Chancellor knew that Aldovrand was really gone, they went in a great hurry to Aldebert to tell him that it was his turn to be King. But when he heard how his cousin had run away, he looked frightened.
"I will do my best," quoth he; "but I really know very little about the matter. However, you must tell me, and I will do whatever you direct."
At hearing this the Prime Minister and the Chancellor were delighted.
"Now we have got the right sort of King," they said; and both wagged their heads with joy.
So King Aldebert was crowned, and there were great rejoicings all over the country.
Early next morning he was up all ready to receive his Ministers, and first came the Prime Minister.
"Your Majesty," said he, "I come to you on an affair of much importance. A great part of our city is falling down, and it is very necessary that we should rebuild it at once. If you will command it, therefore, I will see that it is done."
"I have no doubt you are right," said the King; "pray let them begin building at once;" and the Prime Minister went away delighted.
Scarcely had he gone when in came the Commander-in-Chief.
"Your Majesty," said he, "I wish to lay before you the state of our army. Our soldiers have had a great deal of fighting to do lately, and are beginning to be discontented, but the late King, your uncle, would never attend to their wants."
"Pray do what you like," said King Aldebert.
"To satisfy them," said the Commander-in-Chief, "I think that we should double their pay. This would keep them in a good humour, and all will go well."
"By all means, that will certainly be the best way," said Aldebert. "Let it be given to them at once;" and on hearing this, the Commander-in-Chief went away right merrily.
When he had gone, there came in the Chancellor with a long face.
"Your Majesty," he said, "I have this morning been to the treasury, and I find that there is scarcely any money left. The late King, your uncle, spent so much in spite of all I could say, that now it is almost all gone. Your Majesty must now save all you can for the next year or two, and you ought also to lower the soldiers' pay, and stop all public works."
"I have no doubt you are quite right," cried the King. "You know best, let it be done as you wish."
But next morning in came the Prime Minister with a frowning face. "How is this, your Majesty?" cried he. "Just as we are beginning our buildings, the Chancellor comes and tells us that we are not to have any money to build with." He had not done speaking when the Commander-in-Chief burst into the room unable to conceal his rage.
"Yesterday your Majesty told me that all the soldiers should have double pay, and this morning I hear, that instead of that, their wages are to be lowered!" Here he was interrupted by the Chancellor, who came running in looking much excited,
"Your Majesty," he cried, "did you not yesterday say we were now to begin saving, and that I was not to allow any more money to be spent, and that the army must do with less pay?"
And then all three began to quarrel among themselves. When he saw how angry they were, King Aldebert took off his crown and said, "I am sure you are each of you quite right; but I think I am scarcely fit to be a King. Indeed I think you had better find my cousin Alderete, and let him be crowned, and I will seek my fortune elsewhere." And he had slipped out of the room, and run downstairs and out of the palace, before they could stop him.
He went briskly down the highroad into the country, the same way that Aldovrand had gone. After he had gone some way, he met a travelling tinker who sat by the roadside mending tin cans, with his little fire at his side. Aldebert stood watching him, and at last said, "How cleverly you mend those holes! You must lead a pleasant life, going from house to house in the green lanes mending wares. Do you think I could learn how to do it if you would teach me?"
The tinker, who was an old man, looked at him and said,
"Well, I don't mind giving you a trial if you like to come with me, for I want a strong young man sometimes to help me wheel my little cart, and I'll teach you my trade, and we'll see what you can make of it."
So Aldebert was delighted, and went with the tinker.
When they knew he was really gone the Prime Minister and the Chancellor looked at each other in dismay.
"This will never do," cried they; "we must go at once to Prince Alderete; and let us hope he may do better than his cousins."
When Prince Alderete heard that it was his turn to reign he jumped for joy.
"Now," cried he, "at last I will show what a king should really be like. My cousins were neither of them any good, but they shall now see how different I will be."
So he was crowned, and again there were great rejoicings all over the country.Next day he sat in state to receive the Chancellor and Prime Minister and hear what they had to say.
"My friends," said he to them, "a good King ought to be like a father to his people, and this is what I mean to be. I mean to arrange everything for them myself, and if they will only obey me, and do as I direct, they are sure to be both prosperous and happy."
On hearing this both Prime Minister and Chancellor looked anxious, and the Chancellor said,
"I fear, your Majesty, your people will not like to be too much meddled with." At this the King was very angry, and bid them see about their own business, and not presume to teach him his.
When they had gone he went to take a drive in his city, that he might see it and know it well; but directly he returned to the palace he sent for the Prime Minister, and when he had arrived, said,
"I already see much to be altered in my kingdom. I do not like the houses in which many of the people dwell, nor indeed the dresses they wear; but what strikes me most of all is, that wherever I go I smell a strong smell of pea soup. Now, nothing is so unwholesome as pea soup, and therefore it would not be right in me to allow the people to go on eating it. I command, therefore, that no one shall again make, or eat pea soup, within my realm on pain of death."
Again the Prime Minister looked very grave, and began to say,
"Your Majesty, your subjects will surely not like to be hindered from eating and drinking what pleases them!" But the King cried out in a rage,
"Go at once and do as I bid you." So the Prime Minister had to obey.
Early next morning when the King arose he heard a great hubbub under his window, and when he went to see what it was, he saw a vast mob of people all shouting, "The King, the King! Where is this King who would dictate to us what we shall eat and drink?"
When he saw them he was terribly frightened, and at once sent off for the Prime Minister and Chancellor to come to his aid.
"Pray go and tell them to eat what they like," he cried when they arrived; "But, do you know, I find it will not at all suit me to be King. You had best try Aldovrand, or Aldebert, again;" and, so saying, he took off his crown and laid it down, and slipped away out of the palace before either Prime Minister or Chancellor could stop him.
He went out of the back door, and ran, and ran, and ran, till he had left the town far behind, and came to the country fields and lanes—the same way that his two cousins had gone; and as he went he met a sweep trudging along carrying his long brooms over his shoulder.
"My friend," cried Alderete, stopping him, "Of all things in the world I should like to be a sweep and learn how to sweep chimneys. May I go with you, and will you teach me your trade?"
The sweep looked surprised, but said, "Yes, Alderete could go with him if he chose, and as he was now going on to the farmhouses, on the road, to sweep the chimneys, he could begin at once." So Alderete went with the sweep, carrying some of his brooms for him.
After a time the people outside the palace grew quiet, when they heard that the King would not interfere with them further. And when all was again still, the Prime Minister and Chancellor went to seek the King, but he was nowhere to be found in the palace.
"This will never do," cried they. "We must have a King somehow, so we had best have back one of the others." So they started to look for Aldovrand or Aldebert.. They sought them all over the city, and at last they came into the same country road down which the three cousins had gone, and there they saw Aldovrand lying in a meadow watching his flock of geese.
"Good day, my friends," cried he when he saw them; "And how are things going on at the palace? I hope my cousins like reigning better than I did. Now, here I lie peacefully all day long and watch my geese, and it is much nicer than being King."
Then the Prime Minister and Chancellor told him all that had happened, and begged that he would come back with them to the palace again, but at this Aldovrand laughed outright.
"No indeed!" cried he, "I would not be King again for any man living. You had best go and seek my cousin Aldebert, and ask him. I saw him go down the road with a tinker, helping him to mend his tins. So go and ask him, and leave me to mind my geese in peace."
So the Prime Minister, and the Chancellor had to seek still farther. They trudged on and on, till at last they met Aldebert, who sat by the side of the road mending a tin kettle, and whistling cheerily.
"Heyday, whom have we here?" cried he. "The Prime Minister and the Chancellor! And I am right glad to see you both. See how clever I have grown; I am learning to be a tinker, and I mended that hole all myself."
Then the Prime Minister and Chancellor begged him to leave his pots, and come back to the palace and be King, but he fell to work again, harder than ever, and said,
"No indeed; go and ask my cousins, who are both much cleverer than I. I really don't do for it at all, but I make a very good tinker, and I like that much better."
"Then what can we do?" cried the Prime Minister, "for we don't know where Alderete has gone."
"I saw him go by here with a sweep a little time ago," said Aldebert; "and he went into that farmhouse yonder, so you had best seek him there."
So the Prime Minister and the Chancellor went on to the farmhouse. At the door stood the farmer's wife, but when they asked her if she had seen the King go by, she stared with surprise.
"Nay," said she; "no one has been here but our sweep and his apprentice. He is in there sweeping the chimney now." On hearing this, the Prime Minister and Chancellor at once ran into the farmhouse, and saw the old sweep standing by the kitchen fire-place. "And where is the other sweep?" cried they. "He is gone up the chimney, and is just going to begin sweeping," said the old man. "So if you want to speak to him you must shout." So they shouted and called,
"King Alderete, King Alderete!" as loud as ever they could, but he did not hear. Then the Chancellor knelt in front of the grate, and put his head up the chimney, and called,
"King Alderete, King Alderete! It is the Prime Minister and I, the Chancellor, come to fetch your Majesty back to the palace."
When Alderete heard him up the chimney, he trembled in every limb, but he replied,
"I'm not going to come down; I don't want to be King. I am going to be a sweep, and I like that much better. I shan't come down till you are gone away, and now you had best go quickly, for I am going to begin sweeping, and all the soot will fall on your head," and then they heard the rattle of the broom in the chimney, and a whole shower of soot fell on the Chancellor's head.
The Prime Minister and the Chancellor turned back to the city very disconsolately. "We must go and look for a King elsewhere," they said. "It is no use troubling about Aldovrand, Aldebert, and Alderete." So they left the one to his geese, and one to his tins, and the other to sweep chimneys, and that was the end of the three clever Kings.
After that I think there is only one thing for me to do and that is share with you this week’s vintage remedy and recipe. After this week I am very keen on simple home remedies and have given thanks many times for the effectiveness of peppermint infusions with occasional cardamon and honey for a change in taste. I am currently of the opinion that a mixture of mint is preferable and I am definitely going to return to making my own herbal infusions again. If anyone has recipes they would like to share I’m definitely interested.
So our remedy this week is for ‘The Evil’ otherwise known as Scrofula or mycobacterial cervical lymphadenitis which was once believed only to be cured by the ‘Royal Touch’. It is now treated by a cocktail of antibiotics or surgery and sometimes chemotherapy. I don’t think white archangel or white dead nettle would be be effective, although it is used for skin irritations in some herbals but the drink would smell and taste nice so there is that at least. The remedy is taken from A Collection of over Three Hundred Receipts in Cookery, Physick and Surgery from 1714.
Now to our recipe which is from Modern Cookery for Private Families, 1855 edition by Eliza Acton. I have a huge love for Eliza Acton but I think this is more of a thick salad dressing rather than a salad. Although if the potatoes had stayed whole rather than been mashed it would be another matter. I love a mustardy dressed potato salad, maybe a splash more of vinegar but then I would be going against the poet’s wishes wouldn’t I?
I like to think this recipe is already defending itself over 150 years ahead of it’s time against all those online recipe reviews that read something along the lines of the following: “well it said use apple & cinnamon but I used bananas & barbecue sauce and it was awful, terrible recipe no stars”.
So with that, Gentle Reader, I must bring this letter to a close. Please don’t hesitate to get in touch via the comments or via any of my social media profiles/my website . If you have enjoyed this and would like to read further such nonsense and have not yet subscribed, please don’t hesitate to subscribe for free at the button below. You’d be very welcome and it would be a joy to write to you.